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Usefulness of autosomal STR polymorphisms beyond forensic purposes: data on Arabic- and Berber-speaking populations from central Morocco

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dc.contributor.author Gaibar Alonso, María spa
dc.contributor.author Esteban, María Esther spa
dc.contributor.author Via, Marc spa
dc.contributor.author Harich, Nourdin spa
dc.contributor.author Kandil, Mostafa spa
dc.contributor.author Fernández Santander, Ana spa
dc.date.accessioned 2013-11-27T17:25:42Z
dc.date.available 2013-11-27T17:25:42Z
dc.date.issued 2012 spa
dc.identifier.citation Gaibar-Alonso, M., Esteban, M. E., Via, M., Harich, N., Kandil, M., & Fernández-Santander, A. (2012). Usefulness of autosomal STR polymorphisms beyond forensic purposes: data on Arabic-and Berber-speaking populations from central Morocco. Annals of Human Biology, 39(4), 297-304. spa
dc.identifier.issn 03014460 spa
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11268/132
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: This work describes, for the first time, the profile of Middle Atlas Berbers and Arabic-speaking central Moroccans for 15 autosomal STR loci widely used in forensic sciences. AIM: The main objectives were to determine the degree of heterogeneity among different Moroccan samples to identify geographic or linguistic patterns and to evaluate the usefulness of forensic STRs in anthropological studies. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 71 Arabic-speakers and 75 Berbers from the regions of Doukkala (central-west coast) and Khenifra (Middle Atlas), respectively. The AmpFlSTR Identifier kit was used to genotype 15 autosomal STR in both samples. RESULTS: Middle Atlas Berbers showed slightly higher genetic variation values compared to Arabic-speakers, both in the number of alleles and heterozygosity. In order to assess population relationships, data from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Kuwait, Qatar, Palestine, Syria, South-Spain and Turkey were included in the analysis. Within Morocco, genetic distances followed a clear geographic pattern. In the Arabic-speaking sample the genetic proportion of 'Arabian' admixture was estimated in 13%. CONCLUSION: The low value of admixture suggests that the Arabization of Morocco had a reduced demographic impact, which should be taken with caution because it is based on autosomal STRs with low inter-population variation levels. spa
dc.language.iso eng spa
dc.title Usefulness of autosomal STR polymorphisms beyond forensic purposes: data on Arabic- and Berber-speaking populations from central Morocco spa
dc.type article spa
dc.description.impact 1.484 JCR (2012) Q2 40/83 Biology; Q3, 86/158 Public, environmental & occupational health spa
dc.identifier.doi 10.3109/03014460.2012.697578 spa
dc.rights.accessRights closedAccess en
dc.subject.unesco Genética humana spa
dc.peerreviewed Si spa


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