Environmental cost account: a base for measuring sustainability in transport plans

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dc.contributor.author Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés spa
dc.contributor.author Fernández Heredia, Álvaro spa
dc.contributor.author Jordá, Pablo spa
dc.date.accessioned 2013-11-27T17:26:10Z
dc.date.available 2013-11-27T17:26:10Z
dc.date.issued 2010 spa
dc.identifier.citation Monzón, A., Fernández-Heredia, A., & Jordá, P. (2010). Environmental costs account: a base for measuring sustainability in transport plans. In S. Rauch, G. M. Morrison, & A. Monzón (Eds.), Proceedings of the 9th Highway and Urban Environment Symposium (pp. 23-30). London, New York: Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg. spa
dc.identifier.isbn 9789048130429 spa
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11268/505
dc.description.abstract Each city need to develop sustainable transport plans according to its future developments. This means identifying the best policy package of transport measures that could produce more sustainable future scenarios: lowest environmental impact, but also better social standards and at minimum cost. To that end, it is necessary to measure the environmental and social costs of each alternative transport mode. This paper proposes a methodology to calculate those costs in different city contexts: city centre and metropolitan suburbs. It provides a measure of the following environmental costs: pollution, noise, green house gasses and land taken. Then the social costs as congestion and accident costs. These two cost categories are calculated for each mean of transport: metro, bus, private car and taxi. The methodology has been applied to Madrid Region through modeling its mobility demand in 2004. The outputs are costs per passenger-km in each mode and Area: city centre and metropolitan ring. Therefore it is possible to assign monetary costs to environmental and social costs of each transport option; for example, car environmental costs are four times higher than buses on average, but it differs a lot from city centre to outskirt areas. Finally, some guidelines can be extracted to develop a more sustainable transport policy for Madrid Region. spa
dc.language.iso eng spa
dc.title Environmental cost account: a base for measuring sustainability in transport plans spa
dc.type conferenceObject spa
dc.description.impact No data (2010) spa
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/978-90-481-3043-6_3 spa
dc.rights.accessRights closedAccess en
dc.subject.unesco Ecología spa
dc.description.filiation UEM spa
dc.peerreviewed Si spa

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