Limb intracompartmental sepsis in burn patients associated with occult infection

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dc.contributor.author Peñuelas, Óscar
dc.contributor.author Cerdá, Enrique
dc.contributor.author Espino Rodríguez, Javier
dc.contributor.author García-Domínguez, José
dc.contributor.author García Hierro, Paloma
dc.contributor.author Cal, Miguel A. de la
dc.contributor.author Lorente Balanza, José Ángel
dc.date.accessioned 2016-07-01T13:16:29Z
dc.date.available 2016-07-01T13:16:29Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.citation Peñuelas, O., Cerdá, E., Espino, J., García-Domínguez, J., Hierro, P. G., Miguel, A., & Lorente, J. A. (2010). Limb intracompartmental sepsis in burn patients associated with occult infection. Burns, 36(4), 558-564. spa
dc.identifier.issn 03054179
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11268/5354
dc.description.abstract Intracompartmental sepsis (IS) is a rare complication in burn patients. IS presents in patients with inadequate perfusion of intracompartmental tissues with subsequent ischaemic necrosis and infection. Contributing factors include high-volume resuscitation, delayed escharotomies and previous bacteraemias. We describe the profile of a series of patients who developed IS in our Intensive Care Burn Unit (ICBU). We carried out a retrospective chart review of patients admitted to an ICBU over a 5-year period. Seven patients of 659 admissions (1.0%) developed IS involving the extremities. Diagnosis was based on the identification of purulent drainage and local swelling associated with signs of sepsis of unknown origin. Total body surface area (TBSA) burned averaged 67.4% and full-thickness body surface area (FTBSA) burned averaged 48.4%. All patients were sedated and mechanically ventilated. The first 24-h fluid requirements averaged 6.0 ml kg–1 per %TBSA burn (range 3.5–7.0 ml kg–1 per %TBSA). Escharotomies were performed in five patients within the first 24 h of admission. Median time of diagnosis of IS was 23 days from admission (range 11–45 days). Four patients developed bacteraemia caused by the same microorganism infecting the soft tissue. In five cases, the infecting microorganism had previously colonised the overlying burned skin. Three patients required amputation of the affected limb. In coclusion, IS is a devastating infectious complication which appears late after large burns. Predisposing factors include high-volume resuscitation, delayed escharotomies, colonisation of the overlying skin and previous bacteraemias. Earlier diagnosis and management are needed to attain a better outcome. spa
dc.description.sponsorship SIN FINANCIACIÓN spa
dc.language.iso eng spa
dc.subject.other Intracompartmental sepsis spa
dc.subject.other Compartment syndrome spa
dc.title Limb intracompartmental sepsis in burn patients associated with occult infection spa
dc.type article spa
dc.description.impact 1.718 JCR (2010) Q2, 27/55 Dermatalogy, 65/188 Surgery; Q3, 16/23 Critical care medicine spa
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.burns.2009.06.201
dc.rights.accessRights closedAccess spa
dc.subject.uem Bacteriemia spa
dc.subject.unesco Bacteriología spa
dc.description.filiation UEM spa
dc.peerreviewed Si spa

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