Effects of endurance training on the breathing pattern of professional cyclists

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dc.contributor.author Lucía Mulas, Alejandro
dc.contributor.author Hoyos, J.
dc.contributor.author Pardo Gil, Francisco Javier
dc.contributor.author López Chicharro, José
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-07T07:34:55Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-07T07:34:55Z
dc.date.issued 2001
dc.identifier.citation Lucía Mulas, A., Hoyos, J., Pardo, J., & López Chicharro, J. (2001). Effects of endurance training on the breathing pattern of professional cyclists. Japanese Journal of Physiology, 51(2), 133-141. spa
dc.identifier.issn 0021521X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11268/5721
dc.description.abstract The aim of this longitudinal study was to clarify the changes induced by endurance training on the breathing pattern of 13 professional cyclists (age±SD: 24±2 years; V̇O2 max ∼75 ml · kg-1 · min-1) during the three periods (rest, precompetition, and competition) of a sports season. Both the volume and the intensity of training were quantified during these periods. In each session (corresponding to each of the three periods) all subjects performed (1) a pulmonary function test (to measure forced vital capacity [FVC], peak expiratory flow [PEF], and maximal voluntary ventilation [MVV]), and (2) a ramp test until exhaustion on a cycle ergometer (workload increases of 25 W · min-1). The following variables were recorded every 100 W until the end of the tests: pulmonary ventilation (V̇E, in / · min-1 BTPS), tidal volume (VT, in IBTPS), breathing frequency (fb, in breaths · min-1), ventilatory equivalents for oxygen (V̇E · V̇O2 -1) and carbon dioxide (V̇E · V̇CO2 -1), inspiratory (TI) and expiratory (TE) times (s), ratio of TI to total respiratory duration or inspiratory "duty cycle" (TI/TTOT), and mean inspiratory flow rate (VT/TI, in /· s-1). The results showed no changes in any of these variables (p>0.05) between the three periods of study, despite significant changes in training loads (i.e., increases in the volume and/or intensity of training throughout the season). These findings suggest that endurance conditioning does not alter the breathing pattern of professional cyclists during an incremental exercise test. spa
dc.description.sponsorship SIN FINANCIACIÓN spa
dc.language.iso eng spa
dc.title Effects of endurance training on the breathing pattern of professional cyclists spa
dc.type article spa
dc.description.impact 1.077 JCR (2001) Q3, 54/74 Physiology spa
dc.identifier.doi 10.2170/jjphysiol.51.133
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess spa
dc.subject.uem Ejercicio físico spa
dc.subject.uem Entrenamiento - Ciclismo spa
dc.subject.uem Medicina deportiva spa
dc.subject.unesco Medicina deportiva spa
dc.description.filiation UEM spa
dc.peerreviewed Si spa

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