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Metabolic and neuromuscular adaptations to endurance training in professional cyclists: A longitudinal study

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dc.contributor.author Lucía Mulas, Alejandro
dc.contributor.author Hoyos, J.
dc.contributor.author Pardo Gil, Francisco Javier
dc.contributor.author López Chicharro, José
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-20T13:41:16Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-20T13:41:16Z
dc.date.issued 2000
dc.identifier.citation Lucía Mulas, A., Hoyos, J., Pardo, J. A., & López Chicharro, J. (2000). Metabolic and neuromuscular adaptations to endurance training in professional cyclists: A longitudinal study. Japanese Journal of Physiology, 50(3), 381-388. spa
dc.identifier.issn 0021521X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11268/5787
dc.description.abstract The aim of this longitudinal study was to analyze the changes in several metabolic and neuromuscular variables in response to endurance training during three defined periods of a full sports season (rest, precompetition and competition). The study population was formed by thirteen professional cyclists (age±SEM: 24±1 years; mean V̇O2 (max) ~74 ml · kg-1 · min-1). In each testing session, subjects performed a ramp test until exhaustion on a cycle ergometer (work-load increases of 25W · min-1). The following variables were recorded every 100W until the tests: Oxygen consumption (V̇O2 in/min-1), respiratory exchange ratio (RER in V̇CO2·V̇O2-1) and blood lactate, pH and bicarbonate concentration [HCO3-]. Surface electromyography (EMG) recordings were also obtained from the vastus lateralis to determine the variables: Root mean square voltage (rms-EMG) and mean power frequency (MPF). RER and lactate values both showed a decrease (p<0.05) throughout the season at exercise intensities corresponding to submaximal workloads. In contrast, no significant differences were found in mean pH or [HCO3-]. Finally, rms-EMG tended to increase during the season, with significant differences (p<0.05) observed mainly between the competition and rest periods at most workloads. In contrast, precompetition MPF values increased (p<0.05) with respect to resting values at most submaximal workloads but fell (p<0.05) during the competition period. Our findings suggest that endurance conditioning induces the following general adaptations in elite athletes: (1) lower circulating lactate and increased reliance on aerobic metabolism at a given submaximal intensity, and possibly (2) an enhanced recruitment of motor units in active muscles, as suggested by rms-EMG data. spa
dc.description.sponsorship SIN FINANCIACIÓN spa
dc.language.iso eng spa
dc.title Metabolic and neuromuscular adaptations to endurance training in professional cyclists: A longitudinal study spa
dc.type article spa
dc.description.impact 1.351 JCR (2000) Q3, 41/76 Physiology spa
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess spa
dc.subject.uem Fisiología humana spa
dc.subject.uem Ejercicio físico spa
dc.subject.unesco Medicina deportiva spa
dc.subject.unesco Fisiología humana spa
dc.description.filiation UEM spa
dc.peerreviewed Si spa


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