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Short-term, light- to moderate-intensity exercise training improves leg muscle strength in the oldest old: a randomized controlled trial

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dc.contributor.author Serra-Rexach, José A. spa
dc.contributor.author Bustamante-Ara, Natalia spa
dc.contributor.author Hierro Villarán, Margarita spa
dc.contributor.author González Gil, Pedro spa
dc.contributor.author Sanz Ibáñez, María J. spa
dc.contributor.author Blanco Sanz, Nekane spa
dc.contributor.author Ortega Santamaría, Víctor spa
dc.contributor.author Gutiérrez Sanz, Natalia spa
dc.contributor.author Marín Prada, Ana B. spa
dc.contributor.author Gallardo Meza, Cristian Esteban spa
dc.contributor.author Rodríguez Romo, Gabriel spa
dc.contributor.author Ruiz, Jonatan R. spa
dc.contributor.author Lucía Mulas, Alejandro spa
dc.date.accessioned 2013-11-27T17:26:20Z
dc.date.available 2013-11-27T17:26:20Z
dc.date.issued 2011 spa
dc.identifier.citation Serra‐Rexach, J. A., Bustamante‐Ara, N., Hierro-Villarán, M., González-Gil, P., Sanz-Ibáñez, M. J., Blanco-Sanz, N., ..., & Lucía-Mulas, A. (2011). Short‐term, light‐to moderate‐intensity exercise training improves leg muscle strength in the oldest old: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 59(4), 594-602. spa
dc.identifier.issn 15325415 spa
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11268/650
dc.description.abstract Our objective was to assess the effects of an 8-week exercise training program with a special focus on light- to moderate-intensity resistance exercises (30-70% of one repetition maximum, 1RM) and a subsequent 4-week training cessation period (detraining) on muscle strength and functional capacity in participants aged 90 and older. We studied a randomized controlled trial performed during March to September 2009. Forty nonagenarians (90-97) were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group (16 women and 4 men per group). We analyzed eight-week muscle strength exercise intervention focused on lower limb strength exercises of light to moderate intensity. we studied handgrip strength, 8-m walk test, 4-step stairs test, Timed Up and Go test, and number of falls. A significant group by time interaction effect (P=.02) was observed only for the 1RM leg press. In the intervention group, 1RM leg press increased significantly with training by 10.6 kg [95% confidence interval (CI)=4.1-17.1 kg; P=.01]. Except for the mean group number of falls, which were 1.2 falls fewer per participant in the intervention group (95% CI=0.0-3.0; P=.03), no significant training effect on the secondary outcome measures was found. In conclusion, exercise training, even of short duration and light to moderate intensity, can increase muscle strength while decreasing fall risk in nonagenarians. spa
dc.language.iso eng spa
dc.subject.other Aging/*Physiology spa
dc.subject.other Exercise Tolerance/*Physiology spa
dc.subject.other Leg/*Physiology spa
dc.subject.other Muscle Strength/*Physiology spa
dc.subject.other Muscle Stretching Exercises/*Methods spa
dc.subject.other Female spa
dc.subject.other Follow-Up Studies spa
dc.subject.other Humans spa
dc.subject.other Male spa
dc.subject.other Retrospective Studies spa
dc.title Short-term, light- to moderate-intensity exercise training improves leg muscle strength in the oldest old: a randomized controlled trial spa
dc.type article spa
dc.description.impact 3.737 JCR (2011) Q1, 9745 Geriatrics & gerontology spa
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03356.x spa
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess en
dc.subject.unesco Geriatría spa
dc.description.filiation UEM spa
dc.peerreviewed Si spa


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