Sex differences in acute myocardial infarction: Is it only the age?

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dc.contributor.author Valero Masa, María Jesús
dc.contributor.author Velásquez Rodríguez, Jesús
dc.contributor.author Díez Delhoyo, Felipe
dc.contributor.author Devesa Cordero, Carolina
dc.contributor.author Juárez Fernández, Miriam
dc.contributor.author Sousa Casasnovas, Iago
dc.contributor.author Angulo Llanos, Rocío
dc.contributor.author Fernández-Avilés, Francisco
dc.contributor.author Martínez Sellés Oliveria Soares, Manuel
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-16T10:19:23Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-16T10:19:23Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Valero-Masa, M. J., Velásquez-Rodríguez, J., Diez-Delhoyo, F., Devesa, C., Juárez, M., Sousa-Casasnovas, I., ... & Martínez-Sellés, M. (2017). Sex differences in acute myocardial infarction: Is it only the age? International Journal of Cardiology, 231, 36-41. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.11.010 spa
dc.identifier.issn 0167-5273
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11268/6890
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that, after an acute myocardial infarction, women have worse prognosis than males. However, it is not clear if female sex is an independent predictor of mortality risk. Our aim was to analyse sex influence on the prognosis of these patients. METHODS: Retrospective registry of patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) from January 2010 to April 2015. RESULTS: From 1111 patients, 258 (23.2%) were women. Compared with men, they presented higher risk profiles with older age (70.1±14.4years vs. 62.3±13.4, P<0.001), more cardiovascular risk factors (except smoking), longer time from symptoms onset to hospital arrival (5.2±4.1h vs. 4.2±3.7), higher Killip classification (1.6±1.1 vs. 1.4±0.8), fewer complete revascularizations (175 [67.8%] vs. 662 [77.9%] in men) and higher in-hospital mortality (26 [10.1%] vs. 34 [4.0%]); all p values <0.003. At discharge, women less frequently received ACE inhibitors (189 [81.1%] vs. 702 [85.8%], p=0.045) and presented more major adverse events (death, bleeding, infection, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis or heart failure) during the first month after discharge (10.5% vs. 4.5%, p<0.001) and higher long-term mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.2). After adjusting by age, most of the differences disappeared, and sex was not an independent factor of in-hospital (odds ratio 1.71, 95% CI 0.97-2.99) or long-term mortality (HR 1.0, 95% CI 0.7-1.5). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute STEMI, the association of female sex with poor prognosis is mainly explained by age. Sex does not seem to be an independent prognostic factor. spa
dc.description.sponsorship Sin financiación spa
dc.language.iso eng spa
dc.title Sex differences in acute myocardial infarction: Is it only the age? spa
dc.type article spa
dc.description.impact 4.034 JCR (2017) Q2, 41/128 Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems spa
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.11.010
dc.rights.accessRights closedAccess spa
dc.subject.uem Infarto de miocardio spa
dc.subject.unesco Enfermedad cardiovascular spa
dc.description.filiation UEM spa
dc.peerreviewed Si spa

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