Physical strategies to prevent disuse-induced functional decline in the elderly

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dc.contributor.author Valenzuela Ruíz, Pedro Luís
dc.contributor.author Morales Rojas, Javier Salvador
dc.contributor.author Pareja Galeano, Helios
dc.contributor.author Izquierdo Gabarren, Mikel
dc.contributor.author Emanuele, Enzo
dc.contributor.author Villa Polo, Pedro de la
dc.contributor.author Lucía Mulas, Alejandro
dc.date.accessioned 2018-08-03T10:14:20Z
dc.date.available 2018-08-03T10:14:20Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Valenzuela, P. L., Morales, J. S., Pareja-Galeano, H., Izquierdo, M., Emanuele, E., de la Villa, P., & Lucia, A. (2018). Physical strategies to prevent disuse-induced functional decline in the elderly. Ageing research reviews, 47(1), 80-88. spa
dc.identifier.issn 1568-1637
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11268/7353
dc.description.abstract Disuse situations can have serious adverse health consequences in the elderly, including mainly functional impairment with subsequent increase in the risk of falls or morbimortality. The present review provides clinicians and care givers with detailed and practical information on the feasibility and effectiveness of physical strategies that are currently available to prevent or attenuate the functional decline that occurs secondarily to disuse situations in the elderly, notably in the hospital setting. In this context, active approaches such as resistance exercises and maximal voluntary contractions, which can be performed both isometrically and dynamically, are feasible during most immobilization situations including in hospitalized old people and represent powerful tools for the prevention of muscle atrophy. Aerobic exercise should also be prescribed whenever possible to reduce the loss of cardiovascular capacity associated with disuse periods. Other feasible strategies for patients who are unwilling or unable to perform volitional exercise comprise neuromuscular electrical stimulation, vibration, and blood flow restriction. However, they should ideally be applied synchronously with voluntary exercise to obtain synergistic benefits. spa
dc.description.sponsorship SIN FINANCIACIÓN spa
dc.language.iso eng spa
dc.subject.other Muscle wasting spa
dc.title Physical strategies to prevent disuse-induced functional decline in the elderly spa
dc.type article spa
dc.description.impact 8.973 JCR (2017) Q1, 23/190 Cell Biology, 2/53 Geriatrics and Gerontology spa
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.arr.2018.07.003
dc.rights.accessRights closedAccess spa
dc.subject.uem Ancianos - Condición física spa
dc.subject.unesco Anciano spa
dc.subject.unesco Deporte spa
dc.description.filiation UEM spa
dc.peerreviewed Si spa

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