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Weight Status, Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, and Physical Fitness in Spanish Children and Adolescents: The Active Health Study

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dc.contributor.author Manzano Carrasco, Samuel
dc.contributor.author Felipe Hernández, José Luis
dc.contributor.author Sánchez Sánchez, Javier
dc.contributor.author Hernández Martín, Antonio
dc.contributor.author Gallardo Guerrero, Leonor
dc.contributor.author García Unanue, Jorge Fernando
dc.date.accessioned 2020-11-19T11:45:50Z
dc.date.available 2020-11-19T11:45:50Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Manzano-Carrasco, S., Felipe, J. L., Sánchez-Sánchez, J., Hernández-Martín, A., Gallardo, L., & García-Unanue, J. (2020). Weight Status, Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, and Physical Fitness in Spanish Children and Adolescents: The Active Health Study. Nutrients, 12(6), 1680. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061680 spa
dc.identifier.issn 2072-6643
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11268/9490
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in body composition and physical fitness according to the weight status (normoweight, overweight and obese) and the level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD; low, medium or high), in physically active children and adolescents. Furthermore, this study also analyzed the relationship between body composition and physical fitness with Body Mass Index (BMI), fat mass and the level of adherence to the MD. In total, 1676 participants aged 6–17 from different municipal sports schools participated in this cross-sectional study. Data on adherence to the MD (a KIDMED questionnaire), anthropometric measurements, body composition and physical fitness parameters (the 20-m shuttle run test and muscular strength) were collected. A total of 43.5% of the sample were presented as overweight and obese, and only 35.7% had high or optimal adherence to the MD. The results revealed that a normoweight status was associated with greater cardiorespiratory fitness (p < 0.05; ES: 0.50 to 0.67) and lower-body muscular strength (p < 0.05; ES: 0.58 to 1.10). The overweight group showed more significant results than the other groups in handgrip strength (p < 0.01). Greater adherence to the MD in this population indicated better physical fitness, but only in boys. It is concluded that normoweight status and optimal adherence to the MD in children and adolescents are associated with health benefits, which are significant in the body composition and the effect on physical fitness. spa
dc.description.sponsorship Sin financiación spa
dc.language.iso eng spa
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ *
dc.title Weight Status, Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, and Physical Fitness in Spanish Children and Adolescents: The Active Health Study spa
dc.type article spa
dc.description.impact 4.546 JCR (2019) Q1, 17/89 Nutrition & Dietetics spa
dc.description.impact 1.329 SJR (2019) Q1, 19/128 Nutrition and Dietetics, 25/327 Food Science
dc.description.impact No data IDR 2019
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/nu12061680
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess spa
dc.subject.uem Nutrición spa
dc.subject.uem Estilos de vida spa
dc.subject.uem Ejercicio físico spa
dc.subject.unesco Nutrición spa
dc.subject.unesco Estilo de vida spa
dc.subject.unesco Deporte spa
dc.description.filiation UEM spa
dc.peerreviewed Si spa


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional